Construction safety tips & injury prevention

Construction sites can be dangerous places to work if you don’t have the proper safety training and aren’t aware of the risks. 

Licensed contractors and construction workers should practice job site and construction safety since serious injuries can keep them out of work, affect earnings, increase insurance rates and even damage their reputation. 

In this article, we’ll outline construction safety tips, common construction injuries and what to do if you have a safety concern or sustain an injury on the job site.

Know specific job hazards 

Contractors move between multiple job sites and each site’s risks are unique and can change at a moment’s notice. As work is completed and materials and tools move around, the risk at each job site is always in flux.

Toolbox talks are the best way to stay on top of the safety risks on a daily or shift basis. These talks are brief staff meetings that allow contractors to inform crews of the day’s work and what risks they need to be aware of on the job site. They can also be used to share and update safety measures in construction. If toolbox talks aren’t happening, speak with management.

Correct equipment training 

Knowing how to properly operate equipment tops our list of construction safety tips. Regular equipment and safety training can keep equipment and safety knowledge fresh and up-to-date.

If it’s been some time since your last training, refer to equipment manuals for best practices and injury prevention before using it.

Wear PPE 

Personal protective equipment (PPE) should be required for all construction workers. PPE may include:

  • Ear plugs 
  • Hard hats or helmets
  • High-visibility clothing (e.g. brightly colored and/or reflective)
  • Protective eyewear, such as goggles or safety glasses
  • Reinforced boots (e.g. steel toe)
  • Respirators

Contractors and construction crews must also be trained and have regular refreshers on best practices for how and when to use PPE.

Read work hazard signs 

Pay attention to signage placed around a job site. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requires signs to alert workers of certain risks. Construction safety signs can alert you of the kind of work occurring, closures and which PPE is needed to work in a specific area.

Keep work area clean 

Trash, debris and equipment that has been left out increase the risk of trips and falls. Try to clean as you work and be sure to tidy your work area at the end of each shift, so it’s ready for the next day. 

Use the correct tools & equipment 

Make sure you use the right tools for the job. Using the wrong equipment, whether to save time or in a pinch, can increase the risk of accident and injury, not to mention potentially faulty workmanship.

Have a checklist for equipment 

Damaged equipment won’t perform as expected and increases the risk of accidents. Check that equipment is in working order before you use it. A checklist can help you avoid any potential problems.

Make management aware of any issues 

Inform management or the general contractor of any hazards you notice on the job so they can prioritize construction safety.

Have an emergency accident plan 

Identify who to contact in case of an emergency and what the policies are when a crisis or accident happens. Ensure everyone on the crew has this information so everyone is on the same page for reporting and resolving hazards.

Crews should have a way to efficiently communicate with each other, such as cell phones or walkie-talkies, to report incidents as soon as possible.

Most common accidents in construction 

According to OSHA, the most common construction accidents are:

In addition to these risks, construction workers who regularly lift heavy loads or repetitive motions are at risk for movement-related injuries.

Construction accidents can lead to the following health conditions:

Visit urgent care for construction injuries

Our urgent care centers can help assess and treat construction-related injuries. We can help evaluate and treat any work-related injury and provide the documentation your employer will need to file for workers’ compensation. When injuries are non-life threatening, an urgent care may be more convenient than an emergency room. You can walk in seven days a week or save your spot online. We’ll have you back to feeling better in no time.


Shaw, G. 2021. WebMD. Workplace Health and Safety. Accessed: January 12, 2023.

Occupational Health and Safety Administration. Top Four Construction Hazards. Accessed: January 12, 2023.

Earnest, S, et al. 2020. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Preventing Struck-by Injuries in Construction. Accessed: January 12, 2023.

2000. WebMD. Repetitive Strain Injury. Accessed: January 12, 2023.