The Most Common Reasons Why It Burns When You Pee

Burning with urination, also called “dysuria”, is a frequent symptom that can have multiple causes. Here are five of the most common reasons why you might be experiencing this symptom.

1) You have a urinary tract infection (UTI).

A urinary tract infection is an infection that starts in the bladder (which is why UTIs are also commonly referred to as “bladder infections.”) If left untreated, the infection can spread higher up the urinary tract into the kidneys, which causes a serious infection called pyelonephritis. Burning with urination is often one of the first signs of a UTI, and indicates the need for a prompt medical evaluation.

2) You have a sexually-transmitted infection (STI).

Sexually-transmitted infections, including chlamydia, gonorrhea and trichomonas, can cause penile or vaginal discharge, as well as burning with urination. If you’re experiencing this symptom and have risk factors for an STI, including unprotected sex, sex with a new partner or sex with multiple partners, it’s important to be evaluated for STIs.

3) You have inflammation in your bladder or urethra.

It’s possible to experience burning with urination in the absence of an infection. This is commonly caused by inflammation in the bladder, known as interstitial cystitis, or inflammation in the urethra, known as urethritis. These conditions are typically diagnosed by a urologist, and several treatments are available to alleviate the dysuria patients with these conditions often experience.

4) You have a vaginal infection.

Since the opening of the vagina is close to the urethra, patients with vaginal infections can experience burning with urination. Common vaginal infections that cause dysuria include yeast infections, bacterial vaginosis and trichomonas.

5) You have a prostate infection.

Since the prostate sits near the bladder, men with a prostate infection, known as prostatitis, can experience burning with urination, as well as fevers, pelvic pain and back pain. Healthcare providers often perform a urinalysis and a prostate exam to evaluate patients for this condition.