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Everything You Need To Know About The Three Most Common Prostate Disorders

The prostate is a golf ball-sized gland that sits between the rectum and the base of the penis, and it’s essential in men’s reproductive health. However, many men will suffer from a disorder of the prostate in their lifetime, which can cause pain, discomfort, sexual dysfunction and difficulty with urination.

Here’s everything you need to know about the three most common prostate disorders.

1) Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is the most commonly-diagnosed cancer in men, affecting one in nine men in their lifetime. Each year in the U.S., approximately 170,000 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer, and 30,000 men die from the disease.

Age is one of the biggest risk factors for prostate cancer. Six in ten cases of prostate cancer occur in men over the age of 65. African American men are also more likely to develop prostate cancer compared to other races.

Prostate cancer can be screened with a physical prostate exam and a blood test that measures the Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA). If you’re over the age of 40, or if you have risk factors for prostate cancer, talk to your doctor about what screening is appropriate for you.

2) Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

BPH is an enlargement of the prostate gland that usually happens with age. In fact, BPH affects 50% of men ages 51-60, and it affects 90% of men over age 80.

When the prostate is enlarged, it puts pressure on the bladder and the urethra. Symptoms of BPH include urinary frequency (urinating more than 8 times a day), pelvic discomfort, trouble starting a urine stream, dribbling at the end of urination, frequent nighttime urination, and urinary retention.

BPH is commonly treated with medications that help to decrease prostate swelling and improve the urinary symptoms that BPH often causes.

3) Prostatitis

Prostatitis is an inflammation or infection of the prostate that can cause painful urination, fevers, chills, body aches, nausea, vomiting, and pain in the groin, abdomen or back.

Prostatitis is more common in men under the age of 50. It’s commonly diagnosed with a physical exam and urine tests.

Acute prostatitis is often treated with oral antibiotics. Chronic prostatitis is often treated with antibiotics, anti-inflammatories, and other medications that alleviate prostatitis symptoms.

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Sources:

https://www.livescience.com/32751-what-does-the-prostate-gland-do.html

https://blog.dana-farber.org/insight/2016/06/what-are-the-most-common-cancers-in-men/

https://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/prost.html

https://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostate-cancer/about/key-statistics.html

https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/urologic-diseases/prostate-problems/prostate-enlargement-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia

https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/urologic-diseases/prostate-problems/prostatitis-inflammation-prostate

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0815/p397.html

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